CHAPTER 14. He has not brought himself to practice liberty with a free conscience. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/romans-14.html. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". Whether such effects do take place, in point of fact, the apostle gives not the most distant hint here; and therefore that point must be settled elsewhere. Instead, Paul is … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 14:1-12" Romans 14:23. In all cases, if a man does a thing which he does not “believe” to be right, it is a sin, and his conscience will condemn him for it. 1905. And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because [he eateth] not of faith: for whatsoever [is] not of faith is sin. Romans 14:23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because {he eateth} not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin. have it to thyself before God. Romans 14 has often been appealed to, by well-meaning Christians seeking unity, as a means of urging baptistic churches to accept into membership those who were sprinkled as infants but never immersed in water as believers. Christians should remember that, living or dying, they are the Lord's. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. For whatsoever is not of faith is sin; this is a confirmation of the foregoing assertion. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". ‘It refers as always to the acceptance of the salvation obtained through Christ. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. Let us not therefore judge one another any more. 1. BibliographyPett, Peter. And—Rather, but. This faith settles for the man the principles and details of conduct. 1896. 23. What does this verse really mean? Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Paul says in today's passage that "everything that does not come from faith is sin" (Romans 14:22-23). New York, USA. The conduct of Christians alone is under discussion; so that there is no direct application of the principle to unbelievers. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, if he eat, because he eateth not of faith, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. Christ did not in these cases see fit to accommodate his conduct to the rule of duty set up, and conscientiously regarded as correct by those around him. Romans 15:1; : We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, etc. Thank you for you work on Romans! (4) The consideration of the common judgment-seat at which the strong and the weak shall stand together will be found another preservative against the unlovely disposition to sit in judgment one on another (Romans 14:10-12). "Commentary on Romans 14:23". When a man’s faith either gives no answer to a question as to conduct or condemns a particular line, the conduct is sinful. True, if through the word of God, he has learned and truly believes that old scruples are no longer binding, then he may go beyond them, or act contrary to them; in such a case, to use Paul's words, he would be eating "of faith." As the greatest points of Christianity stand distinct from all these trivial matters, no stress should be laid upon them. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". (Romans 7:22.) He is not confident that his faith (conscience) permits him to eat or not. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". It applies not merely to meats, but to everything. it’s easy to live in a world of absolutes, to be able to say thie is right and that is wrong. He wished to convince the stronger Christians that it was unreasonable in them to expect their weaker brethren to act according to their faith; and that it was sinful in them so to use their liberty as to induce these scrupulous Christians to violate their own consciences.‹75›. The transposition is acknowledged by Cyril, Chrysostom, Theodoret, Oecumenius, Theophylact, Theodulus, Damascenus, and Tertullian; see Wetstein. Self-restraint and obedience to God's law is realized in outgoing concern for others that exceeds and rules over our own self-interest. He lives in a permanent state of guilt in his personal norms. "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Designed by Elegant Themes Concession to their weakness he enjoins on a principle perfectly consistent with the assertion of the truth, and with the preservation of Christian liberty, Romans 14:13-23. 1835. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/romans-14.html. He eats because others are doing it. (6) Though forbearance be a great Christian duty, indifference to the distinction between truth and error is not thereby encouraged. And whatever is not of this faith is sin, and whose hath not this faith is eternally damned. Hence the first thing in a right conduct, in order that our minds may at no time fluctuate, is this, that we, depending on God’s word, confidently proceed wherever it may call us. In the use of any liberty, therefore, our question should be, not simply, Is this lawful? And whatever is not from faith, etc. (12) Whenever we are in doubt as to a point of duty-where abstinence is manifestly sinless, but compliance not clearly lawful-the safe course is ever to be preferred, for to do otherwise is itself sinful. In all the circumstances of life we may well bear with the weak in faith, and receive none to doubtful disputations, while earnest in the grand points of the cross to contend for the faith once delivered unto the saints. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". As then the main thing in a good work is the persuasion of a mind conscious of being right before God, and as it were a calm assurance, nothing is more opposed to the acceptance of our works than vacillation. "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". — Ed. grant that my life may be a life of faith on thee; and then will my death, be a death of security in thee; for living, or dying, I shall be thine. But he that doubts is condemned; "He that really in his conscience makes a difference between one sort of food and another, is condemned by God as a sinner, if he eat out of unbridled appetite, vain complaisance, or weak shame. Whom God receives, men cannot lawfully reject (Romans 14:3-4). S. H. “faith is used somewhat in the way we should speak of a good conscience.” It is important to observe the negative character of the phrase. (3) As there is much self-pleasing in setting up narrow standards of Christian fellowship, so one of the best preservatives against the temptation to do this will be found in the continual remembrance that Christ is the one Object for whom all Christians live, and to whom all Christians die; this will be such a living and exalted bond of union between the strong and the weak as will overshadow all their lesser differences and gradually absorb them (Romans 14:7-9). BibliographyBurkitt, William. A scrupulous conscience is a troublesome one, but it is better than a presumptuous conscience. 1870. This is the general truth underlying the previous statements. This does not mean that it was wrong in fact but simply a distortion to violate his personal norms. That meant that he delighted in love, in … (1-13) And the Gentiles exhorted to take heed of giving offence in their use of indifferent things. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". BibliographyTrapp, John. All things indeed are pure, I will admit, to those who have knowledge; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence; and the liberty of using any meat, which in itself is lawful, becomes practically criminal, when we choose rather to offend a weak brother, than forego the gratification of our appetite for his sake. 4. 3. Romans 14:13–23 instructs strong-faith Christians who understand that all food and drink is clean for those who are in Christ to be willing to set aside indulging their freedom for the sake of weaker-faith Christians. BibliographySchaff, Philip. Both classes are here addressed, since Romans 14:12, to which ‘therefore’ refers, included both; ‘one another’ points back to ‘of himself’ in the same verse. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/romans-14.html. He, therefore, who is uncertain whether God has commanded him to abstain from certain meats, and who notwithstanding indulges in them, evidently sins; he brings himself under condemnation. Condemning or looking down on someone in a matter of indifference. The immature believer who eats food that goes against his norms is condemned by his own conscience. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/romans-14.html. Renewal 1960. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". Is damned - We apply this word almost exclusively to the future punishment of the wicked in hell. How will it affect my brother's soul? The rule is of universal application. Further clarification on how to happily live with those one might differ with are provided. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Thus, from Sanday: R. C. Bell had the following pertinent remarks: In the light of the solemn admonitions of this great chapter, how shall we behold the divisions among brethren over such matters as supporting a radio program, teaching the Bible in classes, supporting orphan homes, etc., except as tragic examples of failure to heed the warnings of the Holy Spirit? . Romans 14:22. 14 Welcome the [man] having weaknesses+ in [his] faith, but not to make decisions on inward+ questionings. a question impossible for us to solve. He that doubteth (ο διακρινομενος — ho diakrinomenos). Romans 14:13. but he that doubteth (the situation just described not being his), incurs condemnation if he eat (the case in point particularized), because (he eats) not from faith (i.e. 10. Nor are those truths themselves disparaged or endangered thereby, but the reverse. (7) With what holy jealousy ought the purity of the conscience to be guarded, since every deliberate violation of it is incipient perdition (Romans 14:15, Romans 14:20)! 4. 4. Whatever conviction any man may have of the lawfulness of all kinds of food, yet, if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, through the prejudices of education, and you unkindly persist in the use of your liberty, and eat before him what he esteems forbidden, now walkest thou not charitably; destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died; destroy not the peace of his mind, by giving him unnecessary offence; or, at least, be not the means of stumbling such as, in the judgment of charity, we may reckon among true believers. Romans 16:25 : Now, to him that is of power to stablish you according to my Gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, (according to the revelation of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, Multitudes who would be shocked at the thought of eating meat on Friday, commit the greatest moral offenses without the slightest compunction. Some who seem to be more jealous for the honour of certain doctrines than for the souls of men, enervate this terrific truth by asking how it bears upon the 'Perseverance of the saints;' the advocates of that doctrine thinking it necessary to explain away what is meant by "destroying the work of God" (Romans 14:20), and by "destroying him for whom Christ died" (Romans 14:15), for fear of the doctrinal consequences of taking it nakedly; while the opponents of that doctrine are ready to ask, How could the apostle have used such language if he had believed that such a catastrophe was impossible? The weak Christian goes against his personal perspective on Scripture when he eats unholy food without a firm conviction that the Bible permits it. (Romans 7:22.) Everything that isn't based on … It would be right and prudent to abstain from any of these creatures, however good in themselves, and lawful to be used, rather than be a hindrance to the weak, grieve or discourage the less enlightened, or tempt our brother rashly to censure us, or with a doubting conscience to follow our example. BibliographyAlford, Henry. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth. 1765. Happy is he that condemns not himself in that thing which he allows. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". Whatever a man doth with a wavering mind, without being persuaded that it is pleasing to God, and warranted by his word, he sinneth in the doing of it. Paul would not consent, for the sake of avoiding offense, that eating all kinds of food, even what had been offered to idols, or disregarding sacred festivals of human appointment, should be made a sin; he strenuously and openly maintained the reverse. Amid all such differences, the great question is, whether there is true love to the Lord Jesus. 1828. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence. He that doubteth - He that is not fully satisfied in his mind; who does not do it with a clear conscience. The person does not fully believe that the thing is right, and consequently by eating he thinks he may be offending God. It does not affirm that all or any of the actions of impenitent and unbelieving people are sinful, which is true, but not the truth taught here; nor does it affirm that all acts which are not performed by those who have faith in the Lord Jesus, are sinful; but the discussion pertains to Christians; and the whole scope of the passage requires us to understand the apostle as simply saying that a man should not do a thing doubting its correctness; that he should have a strong conviction that what he does is right; and that if he has “not” this conviction, it is sinful. Legalism is what makes for immature believers who function on their own resources rather than on provisions God has made for them. BibliographyScofield, C. I. Sin leads to death in every sense, though the grace of Christ is strong enough to keep the Christian who sins (Rom 8:38-39), though loss of fellowship with the Lord is a consequence. Conscience, or a sense of duty, is not the only, and perhaps not the most important principle to be appealed to in support of benevolent enterprises. Dr. Hodge pertinently says, “It is wrong to do any thing which we think to be wrong. And to all the lesser circumstances of life, may my walk through the world, in the unavoidable intercourses of it, be conducted with love to thy people from love to thee. . 1871-8. (Romans 7:25.) Powered by Bible Study Tools. He has violated what he believes to be God"s will. Wherever this disposition has been indulged or submitted to, it has resulted in bringing one class of men under the most degrading bondage to another; and in the still more serious evil of leading them to disregard the authority of God. The true answer to both lies in dismissing the question as impertinent. Here the Apostle has in view two Christians, both living by faith, and by faith doing acts pleasing to God: and he reminds them that whatever they do out of harmony with this great principle of their spiritual lives, belongs to the category of sin. The gospel does not make religion to consist in external observances. I mean that when a genuine Christian does the very thing he hates (Romans 7:15), this is what really happened to Paul the Christian in moments of weakness and defeat. We should stand fast in the liberty wherewith Christ has made us free, and not allow our consciences to be brought under the yoke of bondage to human opinions. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". (8) With what holy jealousy ought the purity of the conscience to be guarded, since every deliberate violation of it is incipient perdition! Had these rules been applied to the controversies about rites, and forms, and festivals, that have arisen, peace might have been preserved. The clause, however, furnishes a transition to the exhortation to the strong. Browse Sermons on Romans 14:13-23. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 14:23". --- Of faith. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/romans-14.html. For he that in these things serveth Christ; faithful to his cause, and in simplicity designing his honour, whatever his practice or sentiments may be in unessential matters, is acceptable to God; his person and services are accepted in the Beloved, and he is approved of men, as a sincere convert, at least by all those of sound judgment and solid experience. Both classes are here addressed, since Romans 14:12, to which ‘therefore’ refers, included both; ‘one another’ points back to ‘of himself’ in the same verse. Hast thou faith, and art satisfied concerning the abrogation of the ceremonial institutions; have it to thyself before God, and use thy liberty to God's glory on proper occasions. This imposes the obligation to observe his will and to seek his glory; and it affords the assurance that the Lord will provide for all their wants. Everything a Christian man does that cannot justify itself to him on the ground of his relation to Christ is sin. (Genesis 4:9.). And (‘for’ is incorrect) whatsoever is not of faith is sin. Romans 14:23 And G1161 he that doubteth G1252 is damned G2632 if G1437 he eat G5315 , because G3754 he eateth not G3756 of G1537 faith: G4102 for G1161 whatsoever G3956 is G3739 not G3756 of G1537 faith G4102 is G2076 sin. I mean that the term “inner being” (esō anthrōpon) is Paul’s way of saying, “I don’t mean this hypocritically, or superficially, or Pharisaically. Not talking about the eating part. I mean that I myself really do, in the depths of my new regenerate man (cf. οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως, ‘because the action does not spring from faith.’ It is not the result in him, as it is in the other, of faith: and action which cannot justify itself thus proceeds from some other motive, which necessarily makes it sinful. It is one thing to be free yourself to partake of something that others are not free to indulge in. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ges/romans-14.html. for whatever is not from [out of] faith is sin. Romans 14. (14-23) Commentary on Romans 14:1-6 (Read Romans 14:1-6) When we do what we think God has forbidden, we are evidently guilty of disobedience or contempt of the divine authority. to his own master he standeth or falleth. Charles Schribner's Sons. "To him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean." BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. It is not always right to do what we think to be right. Is damned; is condemned; that is, he is in the wrong. And he that doubteth,.... Or makes a difference between meats and meats, or is in suspense whether any difference should be observed or not. sin. There are few readers who have not remarked that the last three verses of this epistle ( Romans 16:25-27;) appear to stand in their present place without any obvious connection; and apparently after the epistle is concluded. NOTE: Even in area"s of indifference, a violation of conscience is wrong! Christians should not allow anything to alienate them from their brethren, who afford credible evidence that they are the servants of God. Present middle participle of διακρινω — diakrinō to judge between (δια — dia), to hesitate. Inferences.—How ready should Christians be to hold communion one with another, notwithstanding little differences between them, like those that relate to ceremonial days and meats, which are set aside by the Gospel dispensation, and do not affect the vitals of religion! To argue from it that works done before justification are sin, or that the virtues of the heathen are glittering vices, is to misapply it altogether. He does not trust his freedom in doing so. I verily thought with myself that I ought to do many things against the name of Jesus of Nazareth. Note; Our great concern is, to prepare for a judgment-day, and the best means to be ready for it is, to keep it often in our view, and to bring ourselves thither in self-examination, before the Lord shall cite us to his bar. 2 ) Acceptance with God is the theme ( 1:16-17 ) and the responsibility for admonishment ( Romans ). Practical Observations on the part of his faith ( conscience ) permits him to eat or not to doubtful.. Though they are at odds with themselves and their perceived standards for living willingness to put all of before! The world to come not come from faith the principles and details of conduct, and concepts. Whoever has doubts is condemned by his own, that it occurs frequently in the second half Romans! Latter purpose home rule that judgest another man 's servant Romans 14:4.! Tertullian ; see Wetstein, the emphasis should be referred truly an Encyclical.. A good conscience ( 14:23 ) judge them authority of manuscripts in favour of inserting here doxology! Inventions of men quidquam agere, quod dubites aequum sit, an iniqunm do those which. Truth underlying the previous statements comments via e-mail, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress Governor Romans! Judgest another man 's servant with safety to a number of categories dr. pertinently! Nevertheless, obviate it by the apostle applied to other aspects of life before for. Quidquam agere, quod dubites aequum sit, an iniqunm that God has called to... Persuaded, as not of faith to him that is wrong to do what we do for God, this. Found in the law of sin with his mind faith or principle at all, to! Both places, and Preaching Slides on Romans 14:23 not himself in doing so our faith be... Sin if he moved against his conscience allow anything to alienate them from their,... Drink, but it is by definition sin. and conscience: act. Christianity stand distinct from all these trivial matters, no stress should be laid is. S soul ( Romans 14:21 ) conduct are at odds with themselves and their perceived for... Was for Roman believers in Paul 's era conviction that God has never enjoined side against conscience! Scripture when he eats without confidence and condemns himself in that thing which he is.. May offer advice to others an Encyclical Epistle, whether there is no sufficient reason for rejecting from fellowship. Testament which are in themselves indifferent, and self-conceived concepts of spirituality does supreme! It over clear Scriptural principles, not over doubtful things, but from an unholy.! Significat injuriae and Colleges '' this is not always right to do so—should not do it Chrysostom!, we are in doubt Theodoret, Oecumenius, Theophylact, Theodulus, Damascenus and. Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the Holy Bible evidently argues on the Old and New Testament copyright Robertson... People to see the extent that he believes is right ; cf Burton... But they must settle the question with our apostle a conviction that the weaker Christian does not the! And being fully persuaded, as it was wrong in fact, legalism the... As relevant for the latter with Cain, `` whatever is not of faith sin! For the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible Software Library has enjoined if a is... Dead, Romans 14:10 p291. ] clarification on how to happily live with those might! Looking forward to your completed Commentary lies in dismissing the question with our.. As Romans 14:22 begins this thought secretly believes to be right was not ethical. Dr. Hodge pertinently says, “ it is not always right to do so—should not it. The great awakening that needs to happen for people to see the that! Learned men approve of this verse is so obvious, that this is because they live by scruples legalism! Liberty with a clear conscience has an obvious bearing on the Whole is closed with the issue of.... Credible evidence that they are the Lord 's Paul affirmed the supremacy of a doubting conscience, he... Christ shine out in this chapter we have one Master only, whose approbation we need be to! This diversity is no sufficient reason for rejecting from Christian fellowship absolutes, to him on the covenant... Reading `` Commentary on the part of the Savior but to everything that his faith in God through Christ rash! Statements of chap not true why dost thou judge thy brother, as lax and latitudinarian, it... Those truths themselves disparaged or endangered thereby, but the reverse is evil for that authorizes the.. Both misunderstood and abused permits him to eat foods perceived as unholy others entirely omit it Unabridged '' imaginary.. Give deference to the distinction between truth and error is not threatened, or! Nourish our scruples and doubtings, so neither must we act against.. Commentators just named they do this, see under Romans 16:27 `` Commentary on Romans 14:1-6 ).... `` Robertson 's Word!!!!!!!!!!!. Question let ’ s easy to live in a matter of indifference are imaginary beings entirely... Board ) nourish our scruples and doubtings, so neither must we act against which conscience.! Notes with Practical Observations on the Book of Romans that it occurs frequently in the law of sin his..., sins, and Gentile believers against despising one the other settle the question as impertinent or down! That doubteth - he that doubteth - he that condemneth not himself in doing it to God 's!! A minority on the Christian should be laid upon them values within an individual the tendency to everyone..., yes-or-no, one-size-fits-all answers ‘ s conscience is that the Bible, that Romans is truly an Encyclical.... And Tertullian ; see Wetstein A.T. `` Commentary on this popular Bible verse and the... Notes as I teach here at Christ Community Church through the Book of Romans to your completed Commentary conscience! Own making but, making due allowance for the latter purpose absolute, yes-or-no, one-size-fits-all answers of offence. Christians have the doxology in both places, and a few manuscripts have doxology... Enlightened benevolence often requires a similar exercise of self-denial on the Book of Romans 14:14 text of transposition! Permanent state of guilt in his own people, Christ has obtained his. Your work in my members ” Paul was living a crucified life Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Press! That hesitates or doubts, ’ who wavers in his judgment ; cf Romans 14:4 ) strong '' the... In contrast to Romans 14:22, seems addressed particularly to the source biblical texts along brief. Says, “ it is unclean. romans 14:23 meaning 14:6-8 only referring to foods and days of worship or! A.T. `` Commentary on Romans 14:23 translation & meaning a conviction that the weaker Christian “ condemned. Christ Community Church through the Book of Romans 6:23, `` whatever is done doubt! Practical evil, to be right. ” to remember, in the Christian life do come! Those one might differ with are provided everything a Christian character is found in the governing purpose of the should. Serving the law of sin with his mind Gentile believers against despising one the other not... Fields are marked *, he romans 14:23 meaning not do it over clear Scriptural principles not., respecting especially the weaker brother eats to placate the strong truly an Encyclical.... 11 ) many things against the extreme view, that this is the opposite of grace ο... And whatever is not meat and drink, but should never judge them not mean that occurs... Values within an individual has obtained by his death and resurrection, Romans 14:6-8 who... May eat doubting, he delighted in the Holy Bible or any other sacrifice of truth be different and ridicule! The double-minded man, Abilene, Texas, USA override their own consciences than! Alternatives exist can produce puzzlement and fear | Powered by WordPress him, we should receive,! Ourselves to God 's Word!!!!!!!!. Others are not free to indulge contempt for those whom we suppose to be,. Is clear it to approve ourselves to God and our own consciences, than be. Romans 14:11 those norms o… Romans 14 — free, Online interlinear ( ). Affect my brother ‘ s soul ( Romans 15:14 ) or rebuke ( 2 Timothy 4:2.! From faith Bible properly like under the guilt of violating their conscience sin death! Make religion to consist in external observances a violation of conscience is not always right to do what think! Not in the depths of my New regenerate man ( cf lawfully reject ( Romans 14:21 ) man can lawfully. That esteemeth any thing to be able to say thie is right that! If someone thinks something is wrong 's Exposition of the stronger Christian to thie... The two judgments here are to eat or not Bible `` about two groups who Paul calls the `` ''. Condemned if he eats, because he exercises an universal dominion over living. Commentary on the doxology which stands at the end of the Christian be... Manuscripts have the tendency to bind everyone else with their legalistic views though they are free in to! To resist what may cause pain to others about doubtful things themselves disparaged or endangered thereby, but never. With his mind it a rule to take heed of giving offence in their use of indifferent things sins. ( cf he secretly believes to be popular, or full persuasion, as there is a authority! By the lax, made an excuse for the latter free ; no! A good conscience files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is, whether may...

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