10 10. Much like the frog kick used during the breastroke, the elementary backstroke kick involves drawing the knees up and out with the heels touching. This backstroke doesn't require any complicated breathing technique since the swimmer's head never goes underwater. At the beginning of the recovery phase, inhale quickly and return your head to its former position. With some practice, you should be able to time it so that you finish both the kick and arm stroke together. Reverse direction while swimming on front. 3 strokes that employ a glide? Body Roll (front/back) Elementary Backstroke. Student can start free and back with a glide. After gliding through the hoop, the students will swim to the other side and get ready to repeat the action. Lateral breathing, whip kick, and elementary backstroke will also be taught. Your palm should be flat and should push backward against the water. Like breaststroke, the survival backstroke experiences considerable frontal resistance due to … To move into the power phase, bring both legs back together with a forceful snapping motion like closing a pair of scissors. Breaststroke, Backstroke, Sidestroke. Start from a prone float with your arms out straight, wrists slightly bent, and fingers pointed downward. Keep your elbow, hand, and wrist fixed in this position. Sidestroke Glide Once you are back in the glide position, hold and rests in that position until your forward movement begins to slows. For the elementary backstroke you begin with your hands at your sides, draw them upward along your body to the shoulders, then extend outward into a T-shape for the catch. swimmer effort. Your hand will pass just a few inches from the centerline of your body. Glide until you feel yourself slowing in the water and take your first swim stroke. As your hand becomes level with your shoulder, begin to straighten out your arm as it continues to move back and out to just beside your right hip. Performs Elementary Backstroke (25 yards). At the conclusion of the stroke, relax and allow your body to glide through the water for three or four counts. https://aforathlete.fandom.com/wiki/Elementary_Backstroke?oldid=52135. front crawl /back crawl. In stage 2, students focus on body position and control, directional change, and forward movement in the water while also continuing to practice how to safely exit in the event of falling into a body of water. Kick. Turn your feet so your toes are pointing out and your ankles are fully flexed up. The arm stroke for the elementary backstroke is simple. 2 strokes that employ body roll? There is a back glide in the elementary backstroke and a side glide in the sidestroke. Arm Stroke. It is often a swimmer’s first introduction to whip kick or breaststroke kick. Breathe in during the power phase of the leading arm and breathe out during the power phase of the trailing arm. The scissors kick is a powerful kick that provides a resting period between arm strokes. Swimmers doing the front crawl use a breathing rhythm of one breath for every one, two, three, or more arm cycles. The breaststroke begins in the prone glide position with both the arms and legs straight. They display a flat relaxed body position on the back. Without pausing, move your legs into the catch position. The trailing arm begins its catch and power phases while the leading arm recovers by moving back into the glide position. Then push the hands down through the water, propelling the body through the water until touching the outside tops of the thighs. Have your palm facing away from your body. Prone glide with push-off for two body lengths. Elementary backstroke is a survival stroke that is taught to many beginning swimmers. The elementary backstroke is also used as a rescue tool. Begin the recovery phase by bringing your hands in together under the chin and your elbows to the sides of your body. In a single motion, sweep your arms quickly toward your feet, bending your elbows and wrists throughout the stroke to push water backward. Skills to be taught: Dive from side of pool in stride or compact positions; Elementary backstroke for 15 yards; Front crawl with rotary breathing 25 … Point your fingers down and inward. This slow, measured stroke allows swimmers to rest when needed or increase the force of arm and leg movements to cover distance in the water. Reverse direction while swimming on back. Breastroke (can rest briefly) Another name for the freestyle? Must be able to jump into deep water, take a breath and swim front crawl 15 feet unassisted. Freestyle across width. Begin moving the leading arm into a catch position by moving the hand in a downward direction toward the feet. Breathing is easy with the sidestroke since the mouth is out of the water. Demonstrate elementary backstroke kick--ten yards. You can practice the kick by holding the edge of the pool or by supporting yourself on a kick board. This turns your right hip up toward the top of the water just as your right hand reaches the end of the power phase. To do the scissors kick, bring your knees together and then bend them as you bring your lower legs and heels toward the buttocks. Glide Through the Hoop The students will start in the water with their backs against the wall. SKILL: GLIDES AND JUMPS. The elementary backstroke is often used as a tool for beginner swimmers. SKILL: BASIC BACKSTROKE. Here are the 10 most essential parts to focus on when performing backstroke... 10 Steps to Better Backstroke Technique. Breathing and Coordination. With your trailing arm straight and your legs apart for the scissors kick, the power phases for both the trailing arm and kick begin and end at the same time During this time the leading arm recovers to the glide position. The arm pull should feel as though you are grabbing the water ahead of you and pulling yourself forward until your head passes your hands. However, this type of backstroke never became a mainstay of competition. At armpit height, extend the arms outward to full length (like a T). The swimmer moves through the water with repetition of this arm stroke and by incorporating a similar leg movement. Push hard against the water, and sweep your hand and forearm down and back under your chest. Time the arm strokes and kick so that the arms and legs are both at their full length as the kick finishes. To coordinate the kick, the arm strokes, and the breathing, think of the phrase, “pull, breathe, kick, glide.” As your arms complete the power phase, take a breath, and then draw your feet toward the hips. Hold the glide position for three or four counts and then repeat the stroke. Breathing and Coordination. The arm stroke for the elementary backstroke is simple. Elementary backstroke is not the same stroke you see Olympians race on television, but it gets the job done. The glide phases used in the three survival strokes encourage the conservation of energy. Level 3: (Class Ratio 6-1) The Youth level 3 class is focused on stroke development. Turn your hands to a slightly palms-out position. When you need to take a breath, exhale all of the remaining air into the water during the power phase of the arm stroke. Breathing and Coordination. For these reasons, you should begin the recovery of the arms before the legs. Even better, you can teach your kid the arm motion while lying on the living-room carpet. Off the Wall Streamline Glide. Avoid lifting your head and shoulders too far out of the water to prevent bobbing and losing forward momentum. Prerequisite: Must be able to do back glides with kicking for 5 ft. (preschool) or 10 ft. (youth), Front Crawl with no side breathing for 10 ft. (preschool) or 15 ft. (youth), … In the sidestroke, the arm strokes and scissors kick are combined so that the legs are drawn up as the leading and trailing arms move toward the chest. The arms pull through the water and recover above the water alternately. 34346. Drop your heels down to begin the recovery phase. Start on your back in the glide position. Your hand should be directly in line with your shoulder. The elementary backstroke technique is a beginner swimming style in which you swim on your back then propel yourself with both arms and legs working in unison while you head is slightly above the water. Flutter Kick on Back with Arm Skulls. Performs Breaststroke (pull-breathe-kick-glide sequence) (25 yards). Your feet must be farther apart than your knees. As your foot moves upward, keep that leg and knee straight. As you finish your glide, repeat the process. The water level should be right above the eyebrows. It’s a basic yet the most relaxing swimming style which expends minimal energy as … Students will continue to develop basic swimming skills to become stronger and more efficient in the water and learn breath exchange for unassisted swimming and floating. However, efficient arm and leg actions can speed up rescues and assist with the stabilization of the victim. Start in the glide position on your side with one ear in the water and the nose, mouth, and other ear out of the water. In the elementary backstroke, the arms and the legs provide power at the same time. Have your child assume the streamlined position while standing, as described above. Sometimes used as a recovery or rescue stroke, the elementary backstroke is often considered one of the most relaxing swimming strokes. To begin the power phase, move your feet and lower legs in a whipping motion to trace an oval shape. Then kick with your legs ending up straight with your feet touching. Pre-Requisite: Front glide, front crawl, and backstroke all unassisted for 10 feet. They jump or step into 5 ft and return the wall with assistance. LEVEL 3: Front Crawl and Elementary Backstroke. As your body rotates during the middle of the power phase, start turning your head so that your mouth is out of the water just as your hand exits by your hip. 13 13. Elementary backstroke arms with flutter kick (understanding of arm pattern). Strive to make your movements continuous. Your feet must move outward wider than the position of your knees and act like paddles to push the water behind you. Keep your legs together during the glide position with the toes pointed back. Back Glide into Back Stroke Arms: Scissor Kick: 50 yd Elementary Backstroke: Feet-first surface dive: jellyfish: Front Glide into Freestyle Arms and Legs Together: Breaststroke: arms and legs together, incorporate breathing: Back Glide into Back Stroke Arms and Legs Together: Sidestroke Arms: 50 yd Freestyle: using open turns: Sculling with Hands: on back Breaststroke Kick (front/back) Beginner Treading (5 - 10 sec) Intro to Side-Breathing. Backstroke? Demonstrates: Butterfly arms, performs Butterfly (arms-kick-breathe sequence) (25 yards), demonstrates open turns for all strokes, demonstrates streamlines for all strokes, and performs standing dive. Place her feet on the wall and push off and glide in a streamlined position. Keeping your knees bent, spread your knees until they are no farther apart than hip width. Use your hand and arm to push the water toward your feet while they move to the side of your body. Kick. For the power phase, straighten your wrist and bend the elbow so your forearm is about 45 degrees from the upper arm. 12 12. Bring the legs together straight to beghin the next frog kick movement. Elementary backstroke: Both arms move synchronized (They begin out like an airplane, then go beside the body like a soldier then they run up the sides and back out to an airplane position) with whip kick. Keep your wrist and hand relaxed and trailing behind or hanging below your elbow. This is the catch position. 8 8. Swim back crawl--ten yards. Students in stage 5 work on stroke technique Supine glide with push-off for two body lengths. Floating on your back, spread your knees no farther apart than hip width. Stretch the legs out with pointed toes to the sides, pushing through the water. Elementary Backstroke is a resting stroke, while backstroke is a competitive stroke? It is the fastest swimming stroke. Learning this stroke helps swimmers adjust to floating on the back and incorporates of motions a simple stroke for movement. 5 / STROKE DEVELOPMENT . Kick. Turn the palm of the leading arm until it is vertical with the thumb on top. To begin the power phase, move your feet and lower legs in a whipping motion, pushing outward and backward until your legs and feet are touching in a glide position. Between the catch and the power phase, lift your chin out of the water, finish exhaling, and quickly take a breath. Rhythmic breathing 3-5 strokes off the wall 5-7 on the wall. (To avoid getting water in your mouth and nose, keep your forehead slightly higher than your chin as your arms push toward your feet. Seated Dives Recover Float. The sidestroke is a good long-distance stroke with a long, restful glide. Crawl stroke 6 meters in length to pass. The power phase is a pull with the hand just below the top of the water and the elbow bent. Prone gliding, padding, kicking, and finding their float positions are the focus. 9 9. The Elementary Backstroke was performed in one of the first times in competition in the 1900 Paris Olympics. Begin the power phase by pressing your arms and palms downward until your elbows form a 90-degree angle, with your forearms pointing toward the bottom. Keep your legs straight with your toes pointed and have your arms at your sides with your hands on your thighs. Move your leading arm until it reaches the middle of your chest, while you move your trailing arm up the side of your body. Your upper body will roll, with your left hip turning down and toward the centerline. Glide on front and back 3 body lengths; Float on front and back for 30 seconds in deep water; Step or jump into chest-deep water; Intro to scissors kick; backstroke arm and leg action; Elementary backstroke 15 yards; Combined swim front 25 yards; Tread deep water for 30 seconds; Safety skills Sometimes used as a recovery or rescue stroke, the elementary backstroke is often considered one of the most relaxing swimming strokes. Catfish | Prerequisites: Front glide with flutter kick, 15 feet; beginning front crawl, 20 feet; roll over by taking a single arm stroke; independent back float, 20 seconds, with recovery; back glide with flutter kick, 10 feet; elementary backstroke with flutter kick, 20 feet; jump into shallow or deep water, return to pool edge; sitting dive. The elementary backstroke uses the whip kick. and elementary backstroke. Arm Stroke. The backstroke is swum on the back in a horizontal position. Start by lifting your elbow up and forward. Without pausing, straighten out your arms with your palms facing your feet. Drop your heels by bending your knees, keeping them just below the surface. Recover the arms by bringing your hands back up toward your shoulders. My child can…front and back streamline w/kick, swim backstroke, elementary backstroke and side glide 10 feet…. Your toes should be pointed and just below the water’s surface. Tell her to bend at the hips and the knees, hold her breath, and put her face in the water. The kick should be smooth and steady, and your feet should stay just under the water with only your heels breaking the surface. The kick takes less time than the arms because the legs move a shorter distance than the arms, and they are stronger. This is the catch position. As your arms begin the recovery phase, place your chin and face back in the water. The whip kick starts in the glide position. Performs Backstroke (25 yards). The glide, or rest phase is the most important part of your stroke in survival situations. In this video, I’ll cover the kick, arms, full stroke, and a modified elementary backstroke that I teach to swimmers that are scared or uncomfortable with whip kick. The elementary backstroke requires the swimmer to float flat on the back on the water. Perform a shallow-angle dive into deep water at least 9 feet deep, swim front crawl for 50 yards, then swim elementary backstroke for 50 yards using appropriate and efficient turning styles throughout. During the power phase, your hands and forearms should always be below the elbows and your elbows should always be below your shoulders. Student can do elementary backstroke arms and can be supported throughout. Class will be held in main pool and occasionally the diving tank. Start on your back in the glide position. Back stroke, front crawl. As your hand exits the water, the recovery phase begins. The trailing (top) arm should rest comfortably alongside your body with the hand above the thigh. 1. Then bend your arms a little at the elbows as the palms and arms push out and down until your hands are farther apart than the width of your shoulders. Optional Dolphin kick During the downward part of the kick, your ankle stays relaxed, toes are pointed behind you, and your knee is slightly bent. When you have finished both the kick and trailing arm stroke, rest and relax your muscles. When your arms are about halfway through the recovery phase, begin the whip kick. Reach out straight out from your shoulder with the trailing arm. Jump Into Pool & Exit. Glide on front at least 2 body lengths, roll to a back float for 5 seconds, then recover to a vertical position. Keep your ankles fully flexed and your toes pointed outward. For more information, see Aquatics Supervision, No. Arm Stroke. Backstroke arm action on back; Elementary backstroke kick with support, 15 feet; Backstroke, unsupported, 15 feet; Exit Skill #1 - In chest-deep water, superman for 2 body lengths, roll over to a back float for 10 seconds, then recover to a vertical position. Breaking down backstroke technique into it's separate parts makes it easier to focus on one part at a time. The elementary backstroke is not a competitive swim stroke today. 11 11. Students progress at different rates and come to Gold Medal Swim School with varying levels of swimming experience. Elementary backstroke arms; Supporting self at pool edge; Jumping from side with cues; Water exit; Youth #2. While doing the breaststroke, you should exhale slowly in the water between breaths. The backstroke is the only one of the four competitive strokes that is swum on the back. Breathing and Coordination. Finish the recovery by pushing your hands forward just under the surface, fingers leading, until your arms are at their full length in a glide position. A for Athlete is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. To begin the catch, slightly bend your right wrist and elbow as you move the entire arm downward. With you body on its side, straighten the leading (bottom) arm to its full length with your ear resting on your shoulder and your palm facedown. Rotate your hand so that your thumb enters first as your arm straightens under the water to its full length. Kick. Only then should you begin the next cycle. The Elementary Backstroke is a swim stroke that expends minimal energy with simple arm and leg movements. Don’t begin the kick until your arms have begun their power phase. Rotary breathing, glide with push off of two body lengths and tread water. Bring your heels toward the hips at about a 45-degree angle, just beneath but not breaking the water’s surface. The front crawl has three parts: the flutter kick, the rotating arm stroke, and rhythmic breathing. Elementary backstroke is introduced. The average length of time spent mastering skills in each level is approximately 12 months if weekly attendance is consistent. Keep both arms straight during the glide, or resting phase of the stroke. Slowly move your hands either up the centerline of your chest or up the sides of your body with your elbows tucked in until your hands reach the shoulders. As your foot reaches the end of the kick, straighten your leg and allow your foot to snap downward. Remember, this is a resting stroke. As one foot moves downward, the other comes up in a fluttering rhythm. Practice taking a breath for every set of arm cycles on the same side. Whether a swimmer is trying to swim to safety or is rescuing another swimmer, the elementary backstroke allows the person to move through the water without expending large amounts of energy. Swim front crawl--ten yards. Kick from the hip and thigh, not from the knee. They show long legs with quick kicks on the back. Both hands should arrive at the same time in front of the upper chest. Arm Stroke. Level 5 Safety skills, shallow dive, glide two body lengths and begin any stroke, back and survival float for 2 minutes, front and back crawl for 50 yds., butterfly, elementary backstroke, sidestroke, and breast stroke for 25 yds. Rest in the prone position as your body glides through the water. People like the breaststroke because it conservesenergy, they can keep their head above water, and it can be done for longer distances. To help coordinate your arms and legs in the sidestroke, remember the phrase, “pull, kick, glide.” Start by moving your legs into the catch position. When the glide begins to slow down, it is time to start another stroke. When your thumb is even with your eye and your arm is straightened to about three-quarters of its length, allow your fingertips to smoothly enter the water. Incorporate the arm movement with the simultaneous frog kick movement for propulsion through the water. The swimmer draws the hands up the sides of the body while bending the elbows. When your arm enters the water above your head, as in the case of the freestyle and backstroke, keep it fully extended for a few minutes before you move your other hand back out of the water for the next stroke. They will have to glide through the hoop that will be held out in front of them as they are gliding. The flutter kick begins at the hips and flows to the feet. Your big toes should almost touch one another as they pass. Superman and back glide unassisted 6 meters. Most of the forward motion of the front crawl comes from the arm stroke, which has three phases: catch, power, and recovery. Move your top leg forward and your bottom leg back until your legs and knees are straight. ), © 2019 Boy Scouts of America - All Rights Reserved. 7 7. They will push on the wall, when instructed. A front glide is when you propel through the water face down in a streamlined position. The body rolls from side to side, always turning to the side of the arm that is currently pulling in the water. When your face is in the water, slowly exhale through your nose and mouth. This is the catch position. This class will work on stroke development including front/back streamline with kick, backstroke, side glide and elementary backstroke. The speed of the whip kick should increase rapidly and continue until the end of the kick. Prerequisites: Must already be able to comfortably place face in water and swim for 15 feet, unassisted. Separate each swim stroke by a brief glide. Keep your legs straight with your toes pointed and have your arms at your sides with your hands on your thighs. Think of it as the snow angel of the swimming pool. As your hand passes the shoulder, it reaches up and forward to enter the water again when it is at shoulder level. Backstroke Arms with Kick. This swim stroke allows the swimmer to have a dry face with free breathing while still effectively moving through the water. At the end of the power phase, your toes should be pointed back and away from your body. It uses a whip kick and a shallow arm pull. 2 / WATER MOVEMENT . Don’t be in a hurry. Inverted butterfly: Similar to elementary backstroke, but with a … The elementary backstroke is another restful stroke, a good one to use when you need to swim for longer periods of time. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Motion while lying on the back and away from your shoulder nose and mouth your in... ; Supporting self at pool edge ; Jumping from side to side, always turning to the of. Swimmers adjust to floating on the back will also be taught while backstroke is a pull with the hand below... To Gold Medal swim School with varying levels of swimming experience - 10 )! Comes up in a whipping motion to trace an oval shape phase by your. 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In that position until your arms at your sides with your feet touching became a mainstay of competition a angle! Line with your hands back up toward the top of the leading arm into a catch position moving... Forward movement begins to slows 25 yards ) out during elementary backstroke glide power phase the. In survival situations swim for 15 feet unassisted and incorporates of motions a simple stroke for.... Hand will pass just a few inches from the centerline through the water 's... To comfortably place face in water and swim for longer distances one another as they pass and forward. A downward direction toward the hips and the knees, keeping them just below the top of arm!, hand, and it can be supported throughout hand just below the top the... Touch one another as they are stronger kick, and elementary backstroke with! Whip kick, the elementary backstroke arms ; Supporting self at pool ;!